Tidy is very effective at cleaning up markup created by authoring tools with sloppy habits. I recommend you regularly run Tidy over any markup you are editing. For complex images, you may need to also give a longer description. The browser retrieves Web pages from Web servers that thanks to the Internet, can be pretty much anywhere in World. Many people still write HTML by hand using tools such as NotePad on Windows, or TextEdit on the Mac. Most browsers understand GIF and JPEG image formats, newer browsers also understand the PNG image format. This kind of list starts with a dl The home page. HTML supports three kinds of lists. Introduction to management accounting assignment.
End tag, but the /li Is optional, unlike the end tags for elements like headings. However, it is a technical specification. Tidy is available for a wide range of operating systems from the TidyLib Sourceforge site, and has also been integrated into a variety of HTML editing tools. If you are ready to learn more, I have prepared some accompanying material on and adding a touch of style. W3C's Recommendation for HTML 4. 0 is the authoritative specification for HTML. For longer list items. If you use your web browser's view source feature (see the View or File menus) you can see the structure of HTML pages. Lets define a link to the page defined in the file peter. html in the same folder/directory as the HTML file you are editing: The text between the a HTML documents are often refered to as Web pages. For a less technical source of information you may want to purchase one of the many books on HTML, for example Raggett on HTML 4, published 1998 by Addison Wesley. Contains the title, and information on style sheets and scripts, while the body. /body To do this, click on the View menu and then on Source. The simple way to add an image is using the img It is a special kind of text document that is used by Web browsers to present text and graphics. It uses the ul Contains the markup with the visible content. Assuming this has been written in the file peter. html, you can add one as follows using the longdesc attribute: You can create images in a number of ways, for instance with a digital camera, by scanning an image in, or creating one with a painting or drawing program. For TextEdit, you can set this with the Format menu's Make Plain Text option. This page will teach you how to: If you are looking for something else, try the advanced HTML page. Every HTML document needs a title. To avoid long delays while the image is downloaded over the network, you should avoid using large image files. Generally speaking, JPEG is best for photographs and other smoothly varying images, while GIF and PNG are good for graphics art involving flat areas of color, lines and text. The title should be placed at the beginning of your document. To try this out, type the above into a text editor and save the file as test. html, then view the file in a web browser. End tag is optional and can be left off. The third and final kind of list is the definition list. The /p And at the very end by /html. The html. /html This guide will get you up and running. And /dd If the file extension is. html or. htm then the browser will recognize it as HTML. This allows you to list terms and their definitions. It is common for the caption to be in blue underlined text. If the file you are linking to is in a parent folder/directory, you need to put. / in front of it, for instance: If the file you are linking to is in a subdirectory, you need to put the name of the subdirectory followed by a / in front of it, for instance: The use of relative paths allows you to link to a file by walking up and down the tree of directories as needed, for instance: Which first looks in the parent directory for another directory called college, and then at a subdirectory of that named friends for a file called john. html. To link to a page on another Web site you need to give the full Web address (commonly called a URL), for instance to link to www. w3. org you need to write: You can turn an image into a hypertext link, for example, the following allows you to click on the company logo to get to the home page: This uses / to refer to the root of the directory tree, i. e. Tags. Tag and ends with /dl For instance: The end tags /dt Try it with this page to see how I have applied the ideas I explain below. XHTML 1. 0 is now a W3C Recommendation. Best of luck and get writing! The width and height aren't strictly necessary but help to speed the display of your Web page. Here is a template you can copy and paste into your text editor for creating your own pages: A convenient way to automatically fix markup errors is to use HTML Tidy which also tidies the markup making it easier to read and easier to edit. And li Tag. The next section will show how to add displayable content. If you have used Microsoft Word, you will be familiar with the built in styles for headings of differing importance. You can add a short description as follows: The alt attribute is used to give the short description, in this case My friend Peter. For example: You can emphasize one or more words with the em Tag followed by head [email protected] org
A single click can take you right across the world! Links are defined with the a For instance: You can also make use of paragraphs and headings etc. To indicate the start of a paragraph, and /p Tags, for instance: Note that you always need to end the list with the /ul Each term starts with a dt End tag, but that the /li Let's assume you have an image file called peter. jpg in the same folder/directory as your HTML file. What is HTML? Acts like a container for the document. It is 200 pixels wide by 150 pixels high. The src attribute names the image file. On some browsers, you instead need to click on the File menu and then on View Source. With just a title, the browser will show a blank page. Once you are comfortable with the basics of authoring HTML, you may want to learn how to using CSS, and to go on to try out features covered in my page on p. s. a good way to learn is to look at how other people have coded their html pages. Even if you don't intend to edit HTML directly and instead plan to use an HTML editor such as Netscape Composer, or W3C's Amaya, this guide will enable you to understand enough to make better use of such tools and how to make your HTML documents accessible on a wide range of browsers. All three formats support options for progressive rendering where a crude version of the image is sent first and progressively refined. What makes the Web so effective is the ability to define links from one page to another, and to follow links at the click of a button. To indicate the end of a paragraph. The first kind is a bulletted list, often called an unordered list. Don't worry. The title text is preceded by the start tag title Tag, for instance: Images can be used to make your Web pages distinctive and greatly help to get your message across. Tag and each definition starts with a dd. H1 is the most important, H2 is slightly less important, and so on down to H6, the least important. Here is how to add an important heading: and here is a slightly less important heading: Each paragraph you write should start with a p The head. /head The document generally starts with a declaration of which version of HTML has been used, and is then followed by an html , revised 24 May 2005. This is a short introduction to writing HTML. Here is what you need to type: Change the text from My first HTML document to suit your own needs. For instance: Like bulletted lists, you always need to end the list with the /ol Something is still missing! The second kind of list is a numbered list, often called an ordered list. In HTML there are six levels of headings. Are optional and can be left off. Is used as the caption for the link. Note that lists can be nested, one within another. It uses the ol And ends with the matching end tag /title. People who can't see the image need a description they can read in its absence. The text includes markup tags such as p Is optional and can be left off. Most browsers show the title in the window caption bar. You will find yourself developing a critical eye as many pages look rather a mess under the hood! For Mac users, before you can save a file with the. html extension, you will need to ensure that your document is formatted as plain text. And the /a